Full name: Lionel Adolphe Groulx
Other name(s): Lionel Montal, Alonié de Lestres
Born: January 13, 1878 in Vaudreuil, Québec, Canada
Died: May 23, 1967 in Vaudreuil, Québec, Canada
Sport: Art Competitions
Lionel Groulx was a Roman Catholic priest, historian and Québec nationalist, who sometimes wrote under one of two pseudonyms, Lionel Montal or Alonié de Lestres. He was one of the first Québec historians who believed that the only way to repair French-Canadian nationalism was by national education and through the Québec government. Therefore he focused on teaching history, the heroic acts of New France and the French-Canadians, and the rights of self-government.
Groulx also believed that the 1867 Canadian Confederation was a failure and he proposed a French State of Canada with a close relationship with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Québec. His major writings included Histoire de la Confédération, Notre grande aventure, Histoire du Canada français, and Notre maître le passé.
Groulx was later remembered both for his strong case in favour of economic re-conquest of Québec by French-Canadians, defence of the French language, and his pioneering work as the first chair of Canadian history in Québec. He founded the Institut d'histoire d'Amérique française in 1946.
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