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Kornelia Ender

Full name: Kornelia Ender (-Matthes, -Grummt)
Nickname(s): Konni
Gender: Female
Height: 5-7.5 (172 cm)
Weight: 130 lbs (59 kg)
Born: October 25, 1958 in Plauen im Vogtland, Sachsen, Germany
Affiliations: SV Halle, Halle an der Saale (GER)
Country: GDR East Germany
Sport: Swimming

Related Olympians: Wife (divorced) of Roland Matthes; Wife of Steffen Grummt.

Medals: 4 Gold, 4 Silver (8 Total)

Biography

Germany’s Kornelia Ender was one of the first three women swimmers to have won a total of eight Olympic medals, a record since broken by Jenny Thompson, and several other swimmers. Her first Olympic medals came in 1972 when she finished second in the 200 metre individual medley, and helped the German Democratic Republic win silver medals in both relays. Ender won four gold medals in 1976 in the 100 metres and 200 metres freestyle, the 100 metres butterfly and the 400 metre medley relay, and added her eighth medal, a silver, in an upset loss to the Americans in the 4 x 100 freestyle relay. The most prolific female record breaker of modern times, she set 23 individual world records (1973-1976) in currently recognized events, including 10 at 100 metre freestyle, four at 200 metre freestyle, six at the 100 metre butterfly, two in the 200 individual medley, and one in the 100 metre backstroke. Ender won 10 medals (eight gold, two silver) at the World Championships, which was also a record. In both 1973 and 1975 she won four gold medals at the World Championships. Kornelia Ender married Roland Matthes, a four-time Olympic backstroke champion, but they divorced, and she then married Olympic decathlete and bobsledder Steffen Grummt.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming Women's 200 metres Individual Medley East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming Women's 100 metres Freestyle East Germany GDR 1 Gold WR
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming Women's 200 metres Freestyle East Germany GDR 1 Gold WR
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming Women's 100 metres Butterfly East Germany GDR 1 Gold =WR
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay East Germany GDR 1 Gold WR

Women's 100 metres Freestyle

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Final 1 WR 55.65
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU 55.82
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Seven 1 QU/OR 55.81

Women's 200 metres Freestyle

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Final 1 WR 1:59.26
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Six 1 QU 2:02.50

Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming East Germany GDR Final 2 3:55.55 58.27 3:55.54
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming East Germany GDR Round One Heat One 1 QU/=WR 3:58.11 59.52 3:58.09
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany GDR Final 2 3:45.50 55.79 55.79
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany GDR Round One Heat Two 1 QU/OR 3:48.95 56.77 56.77

Women's 100 metres Butterfly

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Final 1 =WR 1:00.13
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU/OR 1:01.03
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Three 1 QU 1:02.45

Women's 200 metres Individual Medley

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming East Germany Final 2 2:23.59
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Four 1 QU 2:25.39

Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS
1972 Summer 13 München Swimming East Germany GDR Final 2 4:24.91 58.09 4:24.90
1976 Summer 17 Montréal Swimming East Germany GDR Final 1 WR 4:07.95 56.04 4:07.95
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