Winning a first prize of Fine Arts in Clermont-Ferrand, Maurice Busset won a scholarship to study in Paris. He worked in the studio of Gérome where he integrated art deco in his work and learned woodcutting.
He later became an art teacher back in Clermont-Ferrand. During WWI he was a painter in the archives of military aviation. From 1929, he moved full time to a large studio in Clermont-Ferrand and became assistant curator at the City Museum. He also had a passion for archaeology and claimed to have discovered the true site of the Battle of Gergovie on the coast of Clermont-Ferrand, a theory still debated today.